Evolutionary biology in biodiversity science, conservation and policy: A call to action

TitleEvolutionary biology in biodiversity science, conservation and policy: A call to action
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsHendry AP, Lohmann LG, Conti E, Cracraft J, Crandall KA, Faith DP, Häuser C, Joly CA, Kogure K, Larigauderie A, Magallón S, Moritz C, Tillier S, Zardoya R, Prieur-Richard A-H, Walther BA, Yahara T, Donoghue MJ
Pagination1517 - 1528
KeywordsBIODIVERSITY, BIOLOGISTS, CONSERVATION biology, Conservation of Natural Resources, Contemporary evolution, eco-evolutionary dynamics, Evolution (Biology), evolutionary applications, rapid evolution, systematics, TAXONOMY

Evolutionary biologists have long endeavored to document how many species exist on Earth, to understand the processes by which biodiversity waxes and wanes, to document and interpret spatial patterns of biodiversity, and to infer evolutionary relationships. Despite the great potential of this knowledge to improve biodiversity science, conservation, and policy, evolutionary biologists have generally devoted limited attention to these broader implications. Likewise, many workers in biodiversity science have underappreciated the fundamental relevance of evolutionary biology. The aim of this article is to summarize and illustrate some ways in which evolutionary biology is directly relevant. We do so in the context of four broad areas: (1) discovering and documenting biodiversity, (2) understanding the causes of diversification, (3) evaluating evolutionary responses to human disturbances, and (4) implications for ecological communities, ecosystems, and humans. We also introduce bioGENESIS

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