Evosystem services: An evolutionary perspective on the links between biodiversity and human well-being

TitleEvosystem services: An evolutionary perspective on the links between biodiversity and human well-being
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsFaith DP, Magallón S, Hendry AP, Conti E, Yahara T, Donoghue MJ
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Volume2
Pagination66 - 74
ISSN1877-3435
Abstract

A framework for exploring regional-scale trade-offs among ecosystem services and biodiversity protection has been established for some time, and it is clear that optimizing these trade-offs provides a strategy to address targets for a reduced rate of biodiversity loss. Recent trade-off studies have highlighted the need for better biodiversity measures, to complement measures of ecosystem services. Biodiversity typically has been linked in this context to existence and other non-use values. We argue that biodiversity will have a stronger role in such trade-off analyses if measures of biodiversity better reflect additional current and future services. These ‘evosystem services’ have been, and, if we are careful, can continue to be provided by the evolutionary process. Some services have been provided through evolution operating in the past, and a phylogenetic diversity measure can help us to quantify these current and potential future benefits derived from the tree of life. Furthermore

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