Phylogenetics of the Caprifolieae and <i>Lonicera</i> (Dipsacales) based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences

TitlePhylogenetics of the Caprifolieae and Lonicera (Dipsacales) based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsTheis N, Donoghue MJ, Li J
JournalSystematic Botany
Pagination776 - 783
Keywordschloroplast non-coding region, EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, Heptacodium, honeysuckle, Kolkwitzia, PLANT SCIENCES, Weigela, Zabelia

Recent phylogenetic analyses of the Dipsacales strongly support a Caprifolieae clade within Caprifoliaceae including Leycesteria, Triosteum, Symphoricarpos, and Lonicera. Relationships within Caprifoheae, however, remain quite uncertain, and the monophyly of Lonicera, the most species-rich of the traditional genera, and its subdivisions, need to be evaluated. In this study we used sequences of the ITS region of nuclear ribosomal DNA and five chloroplast non-coding regions (rpoB-trnC spacer, atpB-rbcL spacer, trnS-trnG spacer, petN-psbM spacer, and psbM-trnD spacer) to address these problems. Our results indicate that Heptacodium is sister to Caprifolieae, Triosteum is sister to the remaining genera within the tribe, and Leycesteria and Symphoricarpos form a clade that is sister to a monophyletic Lonicera. Within Lonicera, the major split is between subgenus Caprifolium and subgenus Lonicera. Within subgenus Lonicera, sections Coetoxylosteum, Isoxylosteum, and Nintooa are nested within